Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States and especially melanoma is the most serious form of the disease, it can spread to other parts of the body and become fatal.
While melanoma accounts for only about 1% of skin cancers, it leads to the majority of deaths. Fortunately, there are many things you can do to reduce the risk.
To prevent skin cancer, follow these strategies.
Consider cumulative sun exposure first
Skin cancer is caused by chronic cumulative sun exposure. Think about all the cases when you are accidentally exposed to ultraviolet radiation: walking, throwing garbage, running, driving (yes, UV rays can also penetrate through the windows of your car).
You may not think those times out count, but yes, and that’s why daily use of sunscreen is so important.
Act regardless of your skin color
Skin cancer can occur on all skin types. And while it is true that more skin pigmentation can reduce the risk of cancer, research shows that people of color die from melanoma to a higher degree than whites. In addition, think about what sun damage can do to your skin as a whole, this can be discoloration, wrinkles and darkening.
To properly and completely cover your body, you will need enough sunscreen. Also do not forget to wear ears, neck and tops. Your sunscreen should have an SPF of 30 and, most importantly, be reapplied every 2 to 3 hours.
Pay attention to what you eat
Choose fruits and vegetables that are rich in antioxidants that protect us from harmful free radicals. In the same way, you may want to reduce your alcohol intake. Studies have shown that alcohol enhances the effect of ultraviolet radiation on the skin, although the mechanism by which this occurs is not yet known. Although more research is needed, one study found that daily alcohol consumption increases the risk of melanoma by 14%.
Be skeptical of windows
You can assume that the windows in the house or in the car block ultraviolet rays. But this does not happen, because UVB rays may not pass, but UVAs pass. UVA rays will not burn you, but they are responsible for skin cancer. Of course you do not need to be in a dark basement, you just can not leave all the sunlight at home during peak hours and always use sunscreen when driving.