MOSCOW, May 2 (UYPRESS) – The final declaration of the meeting of health ministers from around the world in Moscow highlighted the importance of the fight to control smoking and prevent NCDs.
At the end of a two-day meeting in Moscow, where the World Ministerial Conference on Healthy Lifestyles and Fight Against Noncommunicable Diseases was held (see related note), the ministers issued a statement.
It points out that many countries now face the monumental challenge of fighting both types of diseases, communicable and non-communicable (NCD). To succeed, the ministers called for a shift in focus from health systems, from disease-focused to people-focused.
“Evidence-based and cost-effective interventions exist to prevent and control noncommunicable diseases,” says the Moscow Declaration. “These interventions could have profound health, social and economic benefits for everyone.”
To address tobacco use, a risk factor common to the four main groups of noncommunicable diseases (cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases), the Declaration called for “accelerating the implementation by States Parties of the provisions of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and encourage other countries to ratify the Convention.”
He also urged “strengthening international support for the full and effective implementation of the WHO Framework Convention.”
NCDs currently cause about 60 percent of global deaths and 80 percent of NCD deaths occur in the developing world.
“FCA is pleased that health ministers recognized the FCTC as an efficient, cost-effective and affordable tool to combat tobacco use, a risk factor for noncommunicable diseases,” said Laurent Huber, FCA Director.
The FCTC entered into force in 2005. Today it has 172 parties, representing about 87 percent of the world’s population, making it one of the most successful United Nations treaties in history. The FCTC establishes concrete measures that governments must take against tobacco consumption, however, the effective implementation of the treaty at the national level is hampered by the lack of financial and technical resources.
The main provisions of the FCTC include:
- Adopt fiscal and price measures to reduce tobacco consumption;
- Prohibit the advertising, promotion and sponsorship of tobacco products;
- The creation of smoke-free workplaces and public spaces;
- Placing prominent health warnings on packages of
- The fight against illicit trade in tobacco products.
“The FCA hopes that the provisions of the Moscow Declaration will feed into the discussions at the UN NCD Summit, and help strengthen international support for FCTC implementation,” said Huber.
UN members are expected to start discussing the Outcome Document of the NCD Summit, to be held on 19-20 September, in June.
The Minister of Public Health of Uruguay, Daniel Olesker, also participated in the conference (See related article).
UyPress – Uruguayan News Agency