A study based on data from the National Family Health Survey reveals that although the percentage of men and women who drink alcohol in India has gone down, the number of people who drink almost every day has increased. As compared to the Family Health Survey of 2015-16, the number of men consuming alcohol has decreased from 29.5 per cent to 22.9 per cent in the 2019-21 figures. The report published in the Journal of Alcohol and Alcoholism points out that that of women decreased from 1.23 percent to 0.75 percent.
But the increasing frequency with which alcoholics indulge in it is a cause for concern. The percentage of men who said they drank almost every day rose to 15.4 from 12.4 in 2015-16. Among women, however, it has come down from 17.9 percent to 16.9 percent. The percentage of men who said they drank once a week increased from 40.6 to 43.5. The number of men who did not drink at least once a week fell from 47 percent to 41 percent.
The percentage of women who said they drank alcohol once a week increased from 35 to 36.6 percent. The percentage of women who said they did not follow the habit at least once a week and drank only occasionally fell from 47.2 to 46.6. The research report adds that although the number of alcoholics has decreased, the incidence of alcoholism is increasing, which requires more attention and intervention from the society.
In Gujarat, Bihar and Lakshadweep, where liquor prohibition is in place, 5.8, 15.5 and 0.4 per cent men said they drank alcohol, respectively. In females it is 0.6, 0.4 and 0 percent respectively.
Content Summary: Fewer Indians drinking since 2015