The overwhelming majority of Armenians, 70 percent, are in favor of establishing relations with Turkey, provided that Ankara does not interfere with the Karabakh settlement. At the same time, according to the results of the latest survey of the US International Republican Institute (IRI), 90 percent of the respondents expressed the opinion that the biggest political and security threat to Armenia is Turkey.
The regular survey of the International Republican Institute was conducted at the end of last year among 1512 citizens. Summarizing the various questions about security, foreign and domestic policy, and the activities of state institutions, the authors of the study concluded that Armenians consider territorial and border security issues to be primary.
“Having the recent Karabakh war and the history of military conflicts in the region in front of our eyes, it is understandable that Armenians are worried about national security and border problems. Armenians want to see the resolution of these long-standing territorial problems,” said Stephen Nix, head of the Eurasian department of IRI.
The voluminous part of the survey is dedicated to these issues. Thus, “When to start delimitation and demarcation?” 25 percent of the respondents expressed the opinion that this should happen after the final settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and the signing of the peace agreement with Azerbaijan, 16 percent think that only when the Armed Forces of Armenia are restored, 16 percent think that at the moment, the start of the process is not in the interests of Armenia and Artsakh, and 15 percent say as soon as possible, and 14 percent say that after the principles of the delimitation and demarcation process have been clarified.
“What effect will the opening of transportation routes with Azerbaijan have on the economic development of Armenia?” – 5 percent answered this question – definitely positive, 45 – definitely negative.
According to 6 percent of citizens, the opening of transport routes with Turkey will definitely have a positive effect on Armenia’s economic development, while 36 percent think it will definitely have a negative effect.
An extensive section of the study also refers to the work of state bodies. According to the survey, Armenians are the most satisfied with the office of the Human Rights Defender, the least satisfied with the National Assembly, the president’s office, and the courts.
Citizens were also asked: “Do you think Armenia is generally moving in the right or wrong direction?” It is noteworthy that if in May 41 percent of the respondents answered that the country is moving in the right direction, and 20 percent thought that it was moving in the wrong direction, then at the end of the year the picture has changed: 46 percent said that it is moving in the wrong direction, 34 percent said that it is in the right direction. .